Roch Guennanen - Maison de rêve - Bréhat

The île de Bréhat :

3.5 kms long, surrounded by its neighbouring islands makes up a commune (officially called île de Bréhat), attached to the canton of Paimpol (a district of Saint Brieuc) with a surface of 318 ha for a population of 421 inhabitants in 1999, 406 in 2001, 300 in 2009.

Although it is a dynamic commune, the population has greatly decreased due to its insularity
(1559 in 1873, 1400 in 1952, 653 in 1982).
However, in warmer months, the summer population can reach up to tens of thousands.

There are sea crossings operate all year round from Port Clos (on the south, facing the mainland) towards the Pointe de l’Arcouest, and in the summer with the tourists crossings are opened to Paimpol, Erquy, Dahouet, Binic and Saint Quay-Portrieux.

The sea has naturally carved the island’s geography. At low tide, a single island, at high tide, two islands : the north isle with its moorland landscape and the south isle rather more flowery; they are jioned by the Pont de Vauban (or pont ar Prad).

An offset to Bréhat’s mineral beauty (the first natural site to be classified in France), are the rocks at the tip of the sea surface and the island chain that form dangerous obstacles, sailing here is particularly delicate and demands sound navigation knowledge. Fortunately, the lighthouses of Paon (Pann) and Rosédo watch over sailors.

Roch Guennanen - Maison de rêve - Bréhat

Climate :

Thanks to its especially mild microclimate, the island possesses a rich biodiversity marked by the omnipresence of flowers and plants. It is one of the rare places in Northern Brittany where you can find Mediterranean plants due to the almost total lack of winter frost.


Geology :

Although it’s fairly east of the «côte de granit rose», the island is not lacking in this spectacular mineral that has made the reputation of Perros Guirec: rock with luminous contrasts belonging to the «côte de granit rose» enjoyed by Bréhat.


Religion :

470: Saint Budoc, a Breton monk, built a monastery on the island of
Lavrec, to the east of Bréhat. It is the oldest monastery of the Armorican peninsula.
Under Saint Samson and Notre-Dame, the parish of Bréhat, locked in the diocese of Saint-Brieuc, belonging to the deanery of Lanvollon and reporting to the diocese of Dol.

Roch Guennanen - Maison de rêve - Bréhat

Military Point :

In the Middle Ages Bréhat became a strategic military point and a decision was taken by the Duke of Penthièvre to fortify the island. In spite of this, Bréhat was regularly invaded by the English and even the Spanish. Under Louis XIV, Vauban fortified the island and built the bridge that bears his name between the two islands.


Famous names :

Many famous people and artists have stayed on the island: Prosper Mérimée, Ernest
Renan, Pierre Loti, Théodore Botel, the brothers Edmond and Jules de Goncourt, Paul
Gauguin, Andre Barsacq, Emil Cioran, Robert Giraud, Keiichirô Kume, Charles Lapicque...